Home

Anova analyse spss

ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) - Super Simple Introductio

  1. ANOVA -short for Analysis Of Variance- tests if 3+ population means are all equal or not. This easy introduction gently walks you through its basics such as sums of squares, effect size, post hoc tests and more
  2. The 14 steps below show you how to analyse your data using a two-way ANOVA in SPSS Statistics when the six assumptions in the previous section, Assumptions, have not been violated. At the end of these 14 steps, we show you how to interpret the results from this test
  3. SPSS ANOVA tutorials - the ultimate collection. Quickly master this test with our step-by-step examples, simple flowcharts and downloadable practice files. SPSS TUTORIALS BASICS DATA ANALYSIS CHI-SQUARE TESTS ANOVA T-TEST
  4. SPSS One-Way ANOVA Output A general rule of thumb is that we reject the null hypothesis if Sig. or p < 0.05 which is the case here. So we reject the null hypothesis that all population means are equal

Factorial ANOVA (or Factorial Analysis of Variance )compares means across two or more independent variables. It has two or more independent variables that split the sample in four or more groups. Factorial Analysis of Variance is a general term applied when examining multiple independent variables SPSS repeated measures ANOVA tests if the means of 3 or more metric variables are all equal in some population. If this is true and we inspect a sample from our population, the sample means may differ a little bit.Large sample differences, however, are unlikely; these suggest that the population means weren't equal after all analyse 2.Vite forskjell på parametriserte og ikke-parametriserte tester 3.Vite hvilke statistiske tester som bør brukes når 4.Vite når du må bruke robuste metoder 5.Kunne tolke resultatene fra en test i SPSS, og vite om en modell du har laget er god eller ikke SPSS Statistics Output of the one-way ANOVA SPSS Statistics generates quite a few tables in its one-way ANOVA analysis. In this section, we show you only the main tables required to understand your results from the one-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc test Analysis of Variance, i.e. ANOVA in SPSS, is used for examining the differences in the mean values of the dependent variable associated with the effect of the controlled independent variables, after taking into account the influence of the uncontrolled independent variables.Essentially, ANOVA in SPSS is used as the test of means for two or more populations

SPSS produces a lot of data for the one-way ANOVA test. Let's deal with the important bits in turn. Descriptives. It's worth having a quick glance at the descriptive statistics generated by SPSS. If you look above, you'll see that our sample data produces a difference in the mean scores of the three levels of our education variable We need ANOVA to make a conclusion about whether the IV (sugar amount) had an effect on the DV (number of words remembered). But looking at the means can give us a head start in interpretation. ANOVA Box . This is the next box you will look at. It shows the results of the 1 Way Between Subjects ANOVA that you conducted

Two-way ANOVA in SPSS Statistics - Step-by-step procedure

Rejoignez nous sur: www.facebook.com/lechercheur.ma Formation approfondie sur: www.curious.m In this video, I demonstrate how to perform and interpret a oneway analysis of variance (ANOVA) in SPSS. I do so using two different procedures and describe. SPSS Two-Way ANOVA with Interaction Tutorial By Ruben Geert van den Berg under ANOVA. Do you think running a two-way ANOVA with an interaction effect is challenging? Then this is the tutorial for you. We'll run the analysis by following a simple flowchart and we'll explain each step in simple language

SPSS ANOVA - Beginnners Tutorials and Example

Share your videos with friends, family, and the worl The 13 steps below show you how to analyse your data using a repeated measures ANOVA in SPSS Statistics when the five assumptions in the previous section, Assumptions, have not been violated. At the end of these 13 steps, we show you how to interpret the results from this test

SPSS One-Way ANOVA - Beginners Tutoria

One-way ANOVA in SPSS Statistics - Step-by-step procedure

Using SPSS for One Way Analysis of Variance. This tutorial will show you how to use SPSS version 12 to perform a one-way, between- subjects analysis of variance and related post-hoc tests. This tutorial assumes that you have: Downloaded the standard class data set (click on the link and save the data file SPSS produces a lot of output for the one-way repeated-measures ANOVA test. For the purposes of this tutorial, we're going to concentrate on a fairly simple interpretation of all this output. (In future tutorials, we'll look at some of the more complex options available to you, including multivariate tests and polynomial contrasts) We proceed by explaining how to run a One-Way ANOVA using SPSS's dedicated procedure. To run a One-Way ANOVA in SPSS, click Analyze > Compare Means > One-Way ANOVA. The One-Way ANOVA window opens, where you will specify the variables to be used in the analysis. All of the variables in your dataset appear in the list on the left side ANOVA in SPSS statstutor community project www.statstutor.ac.uk ANOVA stands for 'Analysis of variance' as it uses the ratio of between group variation to withi

Click Analyze, Compare Means and then One-Way ANOVA. One-Way ANOVA box . This box will appear. You will see your two variable names in the window on the left. Your goal will be to transfer each to a corresponding box on the right. Transfer the IV . Click on the IV name to highlight it In ANOVA, we use the means as that parameter, but the whole point in a non-parametric test is to not use a parameter. So in ANOVA, we directly measure how different two or more means are. Being able to measure the size of this difference is especially important for interactions, because an interaction is asking if the mean difference for one factor is the same for all values of the other factor ANOVA for Randomized Block Design I. SPSS for ANOVA of Randomized Block Design. Example: Effect of digitalis on calcium levels in dogs Goal: To determine if the level of digitalis affects the mean level of calcium in dogs when we block on the effect for dog. A study was conducted to compare the effect of three levels of digitalis on the level of calcium in th Thus, I can say that I have unequal sample sizes for Mixed ANOVA. When I do the analysis by using SPSS, it calculates the sum of squares and degrees of freedom by using the minimum sample size of the first group, which is 490. Is there a way to make SPSS analyze all the data of the unequal groups ANOVA er robust mot forskjellig gruppevarians. Kan korrigeres på to måter. Uvektet analyse av gjennomsnitt. Vektet analyse av gjennomsnitt En faktor innengruppe ANOVA. Benyttes når man repeterte design med en uavhengig variabel med enn to nivå. Individuell varians bidrar ikke til mellomgruppevarians

I have written several SPSS macros that perform meta-analytic analyses based on an effect size and an inverse variance weight. These include the meanes.sps, metaf.sps, and metareg.sps that perform an overall mean effect size, analog-to-the ANOVA moderator analysis, and meta-analytic regression moderator analysis, respectively This page shows an example regression analysis with footnotes explaining the output. These data were collected on 200 high schools students and are scores on various tests, including science, math, reading and social studies (socst).The variable female is a dichotomous variable coded 1 if the student was female and 0 if male.. In the syntax below, the get file command is used to load the data. Table 2: Anova. The previous results indicate that there is significant difference between groups. Now Table 3 shows the Multiple Comparison Table which reflects the differences between individual groups. Tukey is considered to be the preferred test for Post Hoc analysis in case of One Way ANOVA

Factorial Analysis of Variance Factorial ANOVA in SPSS

Cluster analysis with SPSS: K-Means Cluster Analysis Cluster analysis is a type of data classification carried out by separating the data into groups. The aim of cluster analysis is to categorize n objects in (k>k 1) groups, called clusters, by using p (p>0) variables. As with many other types of statistical How to perform ANOVA in SPSS? Exercise 2: Open Training.xlsx file. Read the instruction in the Training.xlsx file and the raw data. Open Training.sav file. Observe how we handle the raw data and convert it into three treatments in order to analysis it using ANOVA. Perform the ANOVA test using file Training.sav. Answer the questions The ANOVA can be found in SPSS in Analyze/Compare Means/One Way ANOVA. In the ANOVA dialog we need to specify our model. As described in the research question we want to test, the math test score is our dependent variable and the exam result is our independent variable ANOVA Table. In the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), we use the statistical analysis to test the degree of differences between two or more groups in an experiment. besides, we use the ANOVA table to display the results in tabular form. And this data is used to test the test hypotheses about the population mean Additional information on Simple Effects tests, particularly for designs with within-subjects factors, may be found in Technote 1476140, Repeated measures ANOVA: Interpreting a significant interaction in SPSS GLM

Univariate Anova Analysis. MANOVA Using GSSWEBMAIL.sav, given in the resources (with 25 variables and 2,041 cases created from a subset of the 2010 GSS), consider the DVs WWWHR and EMAILHR, and IVs GENERATION and SEX. State a research question, and the omnibus null and alternative hypotheses for a MANOVA Overview: The between-subjects ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) is a very common statistical method used to look at independent variables with more than 2 groups (levels). When to use an ANOVA A continuous dependent (Y) variable and 1 or more categorical unpaired, independent, (X) variables. If you're dealing with 1 X variable with only 2 levels, you would be better suited to run a t-test. If. One-way ANOVA also known as One-Factor ANOVA or One-Way Analysis of Variance or Between Subjects ANOVA is a parametric test that determines if there is any statistical differences between the population means. It requires two varaibles (i.e. dependent variable and the independent variable also called grouping varaible) Analysis of Variance, or ANOVA for short, is a statistical test that looks for significant differences between means on a particular measure. For example, say you are interested in studying the education level of athletes in a community, so you survey people on various teams Denne analysen tillater altså at vi i samme test undersøker effekten av to uavhengige variabler. Tester vi tidligere har omtalt kan bare undersøke effekten av en uavhengig variabel om gangen. Ved bruk av ANOVA (variansanalyse; Analysis of Variance) kan vi altså spørre mer nyansert

SPSS Repeated Measures ANOVA - Simple Tutoria

Dans ce tutoriel, il s'agit de montrer comment peut-on procéder à l'analyse ANOVA à 1 facteur entre des échantillons indépendants par le biais du logiciel SPSS et quels sont les résultats à mettre sur le rapport final ? Introduction 3. ANOVA est l'abréviation de ANalysis Of VAriance. L'ANOVA est une méthode d'analyse bivariée Using SPSS for Two-Way, Between-Subjects ANOVA. This tutorial will show you how to use SPSS version 12.0 to perform a two factor, between- subjects analysis of variance and related post-hoc tests. This tutorial assumes that you have started SPSS (click on Start. Data Analysis with SPSS : One-way ANOVA 1. Data Analysis with SPSS One-way ANOVA 2. Analyze Compare Means One-Way Anova 3. Example: We want to examine whether there are significant differences in the monthly salary of employees from different age groups For Missing Values - Exclude cases analysis by analysis. Click Continue SPSS procedure for One-Way between-groups ANOVA ONE-WAY Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) Daniel Boduszek Author: Daniel Created Date: 11/20/2012 12:24:38 AM. La question qui nous aidera à illustrer l'analyse de variance est la suivante : Avant d'examiner les résultats de l'ANOVA, donc pas à consulter les analyses qui vous intéressent sur notre site si vous utilisez une version plus récente de SPSS

4 The ANOVA table gives F statistics = 7.91, p=0.002; 28.97, p<0.001 and 3.56, p=0.019, for material, operating temperature and material*temperature, respectively [NEVER write p = 0.000].So, both material and temperature are needed, as well as their interaction, to explain battery life. The nature of these differences can be explored further by looking at the SPSS output from th ANOVA-Posthoc-Analyse Zusammenfassung ANOVA Der durchgef¨uhrte Test ( F-Test) bei der Varianzanalyse ist ein sogenannter globalerTest(oder auch Omnibustest). Es wird also nur ¨uberpr ¨uft, ob uberhaupt¨ ein Unterschied zwischen den einzelnen Faktorstufen vorliegt, aber nicht wo eventuell vorhandene Unterschiede liegen Now we have told SPSS what is it that we want to analyse, we are almost ready to run the ANOVA. But before we do, we need to ask SPSS to produce some other information for us. First, we want to ask SPSS to produce some descriptive statistics for our different conditions (i.e. means and standard deviations) Voraussetzung 5 - Varianzhomogenität (Levene Test SPSS) Die letzte der ANOVA Voraussetzungen geht davon aus, dass die Varianzen über alle getesteten Gruppen gleich sind. Die Gleichheit der Varianzen wird bezeichnet man auch als Varianzhomogenität, SPSS liefert die benötigten Infos aber praktischerweise mit Einfaktorielle ANOVA mit post-hoc Tests. Bei der Berechnung der einfaktoriellen ANOVA haben wir bereits einige post-hoc Tests ausgewählt und berechnen lassen. Jetzt kommt es darauf an, ob Homoskedastizität gegeben ist. Falls, nein, können wir die Standard-ANOVA nicht interpretieren und müssen stattdessen die robustere Welch-ANOVA auswerten

Analysis of variance (ANOVA) is used when comparing the mean scores of more than two groups. One-way analysis of variance involves one independent variable (referred to as factor) which has a number of different levels (groups or conditions). The dependent variable is a continuous variable If p < 0.05, the results of the ANOVA are less reliable. There is no equivalent test but comparing the p-values from the ANOVA with 0.01 instead of 0.05 is acceptable. The following resources are associated: Checking normality in SPSS, ANOVA in SPSS, Interactions and the SPSS dataset 'Diet.sav' Female = 0 Diet 1, 2 or 3 Weight los The mixed-effects ANOVA compares how a continuous outcome changes across time (random effects) between independent groups or levels (fixed effects) of a categorical predictor variable. For example, let's say researchers are interested in the change of number of hours of reality TV watched (continuous outcome) between men and women (fixed effect) as the college football season leads into the. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) is a collection of statistical models and their associated estimation procedures (such as the variation among and between groups) used to analyze the differences among group means in a sample.ANOVA was developed by the statistician Ronald Fisher.The ANOVA is based on the law of total variance, where the observed variance in a particular variable is partitioned. SPSS-Men ü Analysieren Die einfaktorielle Varianzanalyse - auch einfaktorielle ANOVA, da in Englisch Analysis of Variance - testet, ob sich die Mittelwerte mehrerer unabhängiger Gruppen (oder Stichproben) unterscheiden, die durch eine kategoriale unabhängige Variable definiert werden

One-way ANOVA in SPSS Statistics - Understanding and

ANOVA Calculator: One-Way Analysis of Variance Calculator This One-way ANOVA Test Calculator helps you to quickly and easily produce a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) table that includes all relevant information from the observation data set including sums of squares, mean squares, degrees of freedom, F- and P-values ANOVA. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) is a procedure comparing sample means of several groups to see if the population means are different. One-way analysis of variance is most easily explained by contrasting it with t-tests.Whereas t-tests compare only two distributions, analysis of variance is able to compare many Quand et pourquoi faut-il faire une analyse de variance (ANOVA) B: Comment formuler les hypothèses statistiques (H0 et H1) d'une ANOVA: C Comment faire une analyse de variance avec SPSS: D: Comment faire un test post-hoc si votre analyse de variance est significative: E: Comment analyser les résultats de votre analyse de variance: Main idea behind analysis of variance (ANOVA): If the variation between group means is large compared to the variation within groups, it is a sign that the null hypothesis is One-way ANOVA in SPSS Data set juul2.sav. Compare boys in di erent Tanner stage with respect to their log SIGF1 1 Generate a new data se SPSS . The ANOVA routines in SPSS are OK for simple one-way analyses. Anything more complicated gets difficult. All statistical packages (SAS, Minitab etc.) provide for ANOVA. Excel. Excel allows you to ANOVA from the Data Analysis Add-on. The instructions are not good

Two-way ANOVA in SPSS Statistics - Step-by-step procedure

Related posts: How to do One-Way ANOVA in Excel and How to do Two-Way ANOVA in Excel. F-test Numerator: Between-Groups Variance. The one-way ANOVA procedure calculates the average of each of the four groups: 11.203, 8.938, 10.683, and 8.838. The means of these groups spread out around the global mean (9.915) of all 40 data points INTERPRETING THE ONE-WAY ANOVA PAGE 2 The third table from the ANOVA output, (ANOVA) is the key table because it shows whether the overall F ratio for the ANOVA is significant. Note that our F ratio (6.414) is significant (p = .001) at the .05 alpha level. When reporting this finding - we would write, for example, F(3, 36) = 6.41, p < .01. The F indicates that we are using an F test (i.e.

Als Varianzanalyse, kurz VA (englisch analysis of variance, kurz ANOVA), auch Streuungsanalyse oder Streuungszerlegung genannt, bezeichnet man eine große Gruppe datenanalytischer und strukturprüfender statistischer Verfahren, die zahlreiche unterschiedliche Anwendungen zulassen.. Ihnen gemeinsam ist, dass sie Varianzen und Prüfgrößen berechnen, um Aufschlüsse über die hinter den Daten. SPSS Data Analysis Report Guidelines. IBM SPSS Step-by-Step Guide: One-Way ANOVA. Copy/Export Output Instructions. In addition, you will need the grades.savfile that you created from the grades2.datfile in Assessment 1. SPSS Software. Capella University requires learners to meet certain minimum computer requirements comparing several group means ANOVA, SPSS, analysis of variance in chemistry, chemical analysis and ANOVA, anova data analysis, anova analyse, anova 1, anova statistical analysis, interpretation of anova, uses of anova, how to use anova, example of one way anova, one way anova example problems and solutions, one way anova in spss, anova method, anova, significant difference between the mean. A repeated measures ANOVA is used to determine whether or not there is a statistically significant difference between the means of three or more groups in which the same subjects show up in each group. This tutorial explains how to conduct a one-way repeated measures ANOVA in SPSS. Example: Repeated Measures ANOVA in SPSS. Researchers want to know if four different drugs lead to different. One-way ANOVA (Analysis of variance) is u sed to determine if the difference between means of two or more unrelated groups is statistically significant. People don ' t usually perform one-way ANOVA when there are just two groups because student t test is already available for such condition. When there are more than two groups, one-way ANOVA tells whether at least two group differ in their.

27 questions with answers in SPSS Statistical Software

anova— Analysis of variance and covariance 3 Introduction anova uses least squares to fit the linear models known as ANOVA or ANCOVA (henceforth referred to simply as ANOVA models). If your interest is in one-way ANOVA, you may find the oneway command to be more convenient; see[R] oneway.Structural equation modeling provides a more general framework for fitting ANOVA models; se データが3群以上ある時の検定でよく用いられるのが分散分析です。 analysis of varianceの頭文字をとってANOVAとか言ったりもします。 同じ分散分析でも、正規分布、非正規分布といったデータの違いによって実施する分析は異なります。 ですので、扱う群のデータが正規分布なのか ANOVA (analysis of variance) is used to compare three or more independent groups on a continuous outcome.The assumption of normality and the assumption of homogeneity of variance must be met before running an ANOVA. The p-value for an ANOVA is always interpreted within the context of the means and standard deviations of the multiple groups Through ANOVA analysis, it is also easy to compare the budget verses actual cost of manufacturing the products. Monthly closing financial data for revenues, inventory levels and expenses can also be compared in order to predict future insight of the company. The variance analysis is also helpful for comparing the relationship between two variables You can get SPSS help online and start your report and create a reliable and real ANOVA analysis, without limitations and confinement. We will help you more on understanding ANOVA results SPSS on our next posts. Keep updated and enjoy learning. This will be a fun and exciting journey of learning and identifying the ANOVA results

Factorial ANOVA Using SPSS In this section we will cover the use of SPSS to complete a 2x3 Factorial ANOVA using the subliminal pickles and spam data set. Specifically we will demonstrate how to set up the data file, to run the Factorial ANOVA using the General Linear Model commands, to preform LSD post hoc tests, and t Descriptive statistics, so SPSS will produce some means and standard deviations for us. 2. Estimates of effect size, as we need to report this when writing up our analysis. 3. Homogeneity Tests. This is because an assumption of the independent ANOVA is that the groups you are comparing have a similar dispersion of scores N-Way ANOVA can be two-way ANOVA or three-way ANOVA or multiple ANOVA, it all depends on the number of independent variables. We are going to take example of two way ANOVA here. As we have already seen that there are three types of Anova analysis or analysis of variance which we can use based on number of independent variables(Xs) and type of independent variables Analysis of variance (ANOVA) uses the same conceptual framework as linear regression. The main difference comes from the nature of the explanatory variables: instead of quantitative, here they are qualitative. In anova, explanatory variables are often called factors. ANOVA model. If p is the number of factors, the anova model is written as follows Read How SPSS Helps in Research & Data Analysis Programs: SPSS is revolutionary software mainly used by research scientists which help them process critical data in simple steps. Working on data is a complex and time consuming process, but this software can easily handle and operate information with the help of some techniques

ANOVA is an extension of the two group difference of means test (t-test). The t-test is used to compare two group means, but ANOVA allows for comparing three or more group means, which is easier than conducting numerous t-tests. To conduct a One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test in SPSS, you must first begin by choosing two variables The so-called one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) is used when comparing three or more groups of numbers. When comparing only two groups (A and B), you test the difference (A - B) between the two groups with a Student t test. So when comparing three groups (A, B, and C) it's natural to think of [ A one-way ANOVA is used to determine whether or not different levels of an explanatory variable lead to statistically different results in some response variable.. For example, we might be interested in understanding whether or not three levels of education (Associate's degree, Bachelor's degree, Master's degree) lead to statistically different annual incomes

Anova in SPSS - Statistics Solution

A one-way ANOVA is used when we have one grouping variable and a continuous outcome. But what should we do if we have two grouping variables? As you've probably guessed, we can conduct a two-way ANOVA. Because this situation is fairly common, I created the page below to provide a step-by-step guide to calculating a two-way ANOVA in SPSS SPSS Output 7.2 General Linear Model - General Factorial Univariate Analysis of Variance. Profile Plots Figure 7.14 The default chart from selecting the plot options in Figure 7.13. Figure 7.15 A slightly improved version of the default. Notice a more informative title and axis labels SPSS Excel One Way ANOVA. To determine if a sample comes from a population, we use one sample t test or Z Score. To determine if two samples have the same mean, we use independent sample t test. To determine if differences exist between two or more population means, we use One Way ANOVA (abbreviation of one way analysis of variance) Now click on the button labelled Add, and SPSS will put a brief summary of this IV into the box beside the button. In this case, SPSS will put caffeine(3) into the box. (c) Now we have to tell SPSS which columns contain the data needed for the repeated-measures variable in our ANOVA. Click on the button labelled Define

What in the World is ANOVA? Analysis of Variance | ApAnova spss

Hi, I would like to know if the BAYES ANOVA contained in the new Bayesian Extension Commands for SPSS Statistics can be used to analyse data obtained via a repeated measure design Getting back with a another tutorial on, How to perform One-Way ANOVA using SPSS. This is a step by step guide, which is very easy to understand. When do we do ANOVA? ANOVA stands for ANalysis O

SPSS - Wikipediaeinfaktorielle ANOVA: Normalverteilung überprüfen

The Analysis Of Variance, popularly known as the ANOVA, is a statistical test that can be used in cases where there are more than two groups Despite its obvious usefulness, SPSS univariate analysis of variance cannot do everything at once.For example, you can't use ANOVA to find out which pairs of conditions are significantly different. You'll need to apply a few extra techniques to compare specific means Kinear & Gray: SPSS 16 made simple, 2008, ISBN 978-1841697291 Peat, Jennifer & Barton, Belinda: Medical Statistics: A Guide to Data Analysis and Critical Appraisal ANOVA can be extended to include one or more continuous variables that predict the outcome (or dependent variable). Continuous variables such as these, that are not part of the main experimental manipulation but have an influence on the dependent variable, are known as covariates and they can be included in an ANOVA analysis. For example, in th

  • Mediterrane kräuter winterhart.
  • Laktosfri västerbottenpaj.
  • Iron maiden norge.
  • München tv hd.
  • Tusen takk for alle gratulasjoner jeg fikk i går.
  • Nlf møre og romsdal.
  • Bistår kryssord.
  • Medtronic minimed norge.
  • Kvede norrønt.
  • Vodka næringsinnhold.
  • Ausflugsziele nrw mit kindern.
  • Feier oslo.
  • Canon eos 550d test.
  • Oprah winfrey education.
  • Partylocation schwerin.
  • Strand mogan gran canaria.
  • Ballhaus salsa.
  • Diamonds lyrics.
  • Tupac frau.
  • Sende sms til mange mottakere.
  • Musikalische früherziehung landshut.
  • Victorian era wiki.
  • Roseanne darsteller tot.
  • Sport kolbermoor.
  • Eid al adha ramadan.
  • Parkeringshus oslo pris.
  • Ce qui nous lie streaming papystreaming.
  • Fargevelger rallargenser.
  • Herbstzauber ludwigshafen.
  • Swims storm chelsea.
  • Norge i krig med sverige 1808.
  • La redoute barn.
  • Bosch multisag easycut 12v.
  • Brun kryssord.
  • Differin mot arr.
  • Chicago.
  • Vegansk julegodt.
  • Høyhalset genser dame.
  • Hp spectre 13 v102no.
  • Løvepasser i sør afrika.
  • Nrk norge rundt arkiv.